Writers have offered both Utopian and dystopian views of the Internet's future. Utopian writers predict that the Internet will bring about a new era of human cooperation. Because the Internet bridges time and space, people will come together in a large global village. Dystopian writers are concerned about the increasing tribalization and social disconnectedness that could occur as a result of CMC. Due to the lack of face-to-face contact with others, people will become disconnected.
In business and professional contexts, computer technology is connecting people, information, and office automation systems into a new global information society. This global society could have both positive and negative implications for individual nations. The relationship between the Internet and society is explored in this text through the following global topics:
1. The global village and globalization.
2. Medium theory.
3. The global marketplace.
4. English and the Internet.
5. The globalization of mass media.
6. Technophiles versus neo-Luddites.
7. Theories about the relationship between technology and society.
Technological utopianism is the belief that technology makes possible the creation of an ideal world with improved lifestyles and workplaces. In this optimistic view, the Internet will help to bring people together into a new global harmony. Dystopian writers believe, on the other hand, that the Internet will separate individuals and disrupt geographic communities. Predictions and observations about technology attempt to explain the present and future impact it will have on individuals, society, and culture.